Mathematicians of India Before Christ

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This is in continuation of my earlier article History of Mathematics Preface Bakshali Manuscript.We may now look some ancient Indian treatises on Mathematics.The names that come to one’ s mind are Aryabhatta and Varahamihira.

Mathematics, Numerals in Brahmi text, India.
Mathematics in India

Aryabhatta

Aryabhata (Sanskrit: आर्यभट, ISO: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer of the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. He flourished in the Gupta Era and produced works such as the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in 3600 Kali Yuga, 499 CE, he was 23 years old) and the Arya-siddhanta.Aryabhata(Sanskrit:आर्यभट,ISO:Āryabhaṭa) orAryabhata I(476–550CE)was anIndianmathematician and astronomer of the classical age ofIndian mathematicsandIndian astronomy. He flourished in theGupta Eraand produced works such as theĀryabhaṭīya(which mentions that in 3600Kali Yuga, 499 CE, he was 23 years old) and theArya-siddhanta.

His major work,Aryabhatiya, a compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian…

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Zero Day Aryabhatta Julian Calendars

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The essential difference between the Hindu Calendar and the Julian Calendar is that the Julian Calendar takes Time as Linear,forward Flowing, while Hinduism states that Time is Circular.

Time calulation Hinduism Hindu Measurement of Time

The reason for this situation is the assumption that Time is Linear.

West thinks Time is Linear.

Time flows in one direction that is forward.
What if Time is Cyclic?

That is, it flows around and depending on where you are.

Time moves both forwards and backwards .

Time is a stream; so is Space. Per se they are Absolute.

They are Relative to the observer.

To put it in simpler words ,things exist in Space and Time at all times irrespective of your positioning and what we say to day has happened ,is right now happening at another level for an observer positioned to observe it

.

For them, our Universe is Past.

Similarly for…

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SEBI Officials Locked Up NSE Scam Lakhs Of Crores PC Cabal

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Normally you do not expect Express Newspaper criticising exposing Congress Party and It’s leaders, save during the period of Sri.Goenka,who fought Emergency tooth and Nail when it was imposed by Indira Gandhi because she was disqualified in an election.

There have been ,are scams by the Congress party,which was gloriously started by TTK with Mundra Scam, followed by Nagarvala, Maruti,Purulia Arms drop,Bofors, Lalbhadur Shastri’ s death,Harshad Mehta ,….to top it all… 2 G scam.

Many characters of these irregularities , scandals, cheating are known to people by and large,some are invisible and some,though visible blatantly deny arrogantly with a single sentence.The top invisible man of Congress,in whom rested the entire history with facts and figures ,is gone,Ahmed Patel.

The other gentleman is a Learned, erudite was a central minister in the UPA, occupying very important portfolios. Any allegations against him is dismissed by him derisively with a waving of arms…

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Foot Prints of Vishnu at Avebury UK Gaya Kaaba

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Vishnu Footprints in Gaya Kaaba and UK

As one wades through ancient Indian History,one finds astounding information that makes one sit up and check what has been passed off as Indian history.

One finds that,

Alexander did not defeat Porus,

Rig Veda is the oldest literary work by Man,

Rama,Krishna and other persons mentioned in Indian Puranas are not fictitious characters,but Real persons who lived,

Indian history dates back to thousands of years,

All Major Religions have borrowed extensively from Hinduism,

Many of the sacred sites of these Religions were Hindu sites,

Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism was prevalent throughout the world,in all world cultures…….

That Kaaba is a Hindu temple,

Muslims worship Shiva Linga,

786 is Flipped OM,

Vedic practices are followed in Kaaba,

The temple complex in Kaaba is after Vedic construction,

I have written and also more on these subjects.

The concepts of Shiva,Vishnu,Subrahmanya,Devi….all are found in world Religions.

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Vedic Sutras 29 On Mathematics Explained.

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This is the third part of my series on History of Mathematics. In my earlier articles, I had explored the concept of mathematics and how and where it emerged from. Though mathematics had made its way in India very early ,in Vedic texts,among mathematicians who lived before Christ,in Jainism/ Buddhism and in the language I am familiar with (in which I can read ancient texts)Tamil. I shall write about them. Now I shall attempt at the references to Mathematics in Vedic texts. One may note that the oldest literature known to man, Rig Veda is dated about 5000 years. My view is that it is older at least by few thousand years. I had written articles on this topic in this blog.

Vedas are called the Sabda Pramana. It means that Vedas are one of the tools of knowledge and it represents testimony. Vedas are Testimonies of Seekers of Truth…

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Infinity And Nothing Indian Mathematics

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This is my fourth article in the series on History of Mathematics.  If the approach of Vedas to knowledge is different from the western concept of knowledge ( I have explained this in my last article), the approach for gaining such knowledge ,Apara , relating to mundane lifetime activities, which include Mathematics,in Indian system’ basic approach to basic axiom of Knowledge is totally different from the western concept.

Western system of thought has the basic concept as ‘ Ex Nihilo Nihil Fit’ – Out of Nothing, Nothing Comes’.

But Indian system’s axiom is

This is full,That is Full,Having Taken Full out of Full, Full remains Full.

ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पूर्णमुदच्यते ।
पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ॥
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥
Om Puurnnam-Adah Puurnnam-Idam Puurnnaat-Puurnnam-Udacyate |
Puurnnasya Puurnnam-Aadaaya Puurnnam-Eva-Avashissyate ||
Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ||

Meaning:
1: Om, That (Outer World) is Purna (Full with Divine Consciousness); This (Inner World) is…

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Constitution of India, Is it Legal for Independent India?

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I wanted to check the discussions that took place in Indian Parliament while passing the resolution on the Constitution of India. All of us are aware of the skeletal facts, That a Constituent Assembly was formed consisting of eminent members and it was Ambedkar who with great effort and scholarship formed the Constitution and he is called the Father of Indian Constitution.But facts seem to be a little different.

This article is a bit long. Please bear with me and read it in full. This contains mostly quotes from Discussion in The Constituent Assembly sourced from Parliamentary Records.You would find many surprises.

A character in Frederick Forsyth’s book Dogs Of War days’ Stealing a Republic is the Greatest prize of all ‘ Now I understand the import fully.

Questions and Answers.

  • Q.Was the Constituent Formed before or After India became Independent?
  • A.Before Independence,in 1946; Independence for India , August 15,1947.

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History Of Mathematics Preface Bakshali Manuscript

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I have been searching for some information relating to mathematics and I came across Bakshali manuscript . It is in Sanskrit and dated at AD 224–383/ 885–993 (proposed carbon-dates, recently disputed on methodological grounds: Plofker et al.) It’s script is Sharada and is said to have been in vogue in what is now Kashmir.I was curious because one finds advanced mathematics and scientific concepts in ancient Sanskrit literature, including the Eighteen Puran and Ithihasas, not to speak of Vedas. One finds advanced mathematics concepts in Chamaka of Sri Rudra. Maths DNA Mitochondrial Base Pairs In Chamakam Rudram Obviously, an attempt to bypass Indian history is at work.I pursued my search. I found references first to Greeks,Romans then to Sumeria and Mesapotamia.

The earliest mathematical texts available are fromMesopotamiaandEgypt–Plimpton 322(Babylonianc. 2000 – 1900 BC), theRhind Mathematical Papyrus(Egyptianc. 1800 BC)and theMoscow Mathematical Papyrus(Egyptian c. 1890 BC)…

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Who Are Ritviks Qualification Details

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Those who have followed the procedures in Homas,Sacrificial 🔥 Fires Ceremonies conducted would have noticed terms like Acharya,Hotar and Rikvik.While people can identify Acharya, not many people know about Ritvik.

Ritvik

The Vedic priest who officiates Vedic sacrifices or rituals known asYajnasis known as Ritvik . Qualification as below.

Qualification

  • Well-versed in the Vedas.
  • Should have gained his knowledge the guru, in the guru-shishya tradition of learning.
  • Of good lineage.
  • He should have been leading a pure life.

Types of Rikviks

  • Hotar representing theRig Veda
  • Adhvarya representing theYajur Veda
  • Udgatar representing theSama Veda
  • Brahma representing theAtharva Veda

Each one of these Ritviks has three assistants . Details.

  • Hotar – Maitravaruna, Acchavaka, Gravastut
  • Adhvaryu – Pratiprasthata, Neshta, Unneta
  • Udgatar – Prastota, Pratiharta, Subrahmanya
  • Brahma – Brahmanachamsi, Agnidhra, Pota


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Source Texts Of Hinduism Ratna Trayi

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When people ask whether the Hindus have any scriptures to follow, the general answer is that Hinduism, Sanatana Dharma does not have any standard/specific texts to follow. This is because, as Dr. Radhakrishnan has observed , Hinduism is not a view of life but a Way Of Life.The philosophical systems are known as ‘Shad Darshanas’. That is Six systems of Philosophy. The term Darshana means, in this context, Perspective ‘. What it means is that each system has A Perspective. Reality is something that is Beyond Words,Space,Time,Thoughts. As such, one can not understand the full aspects, Attributes of Reality but only a Perspective of It. This depends on one’s disposition and efforts in realising the Reality,whose general Attributes are,

  • Sat,Being,
  • Chit, Consciousness
  • Ananda,Bliss.

These aspects can Experienced and never known. Reality is not an Object of Cognitive Intelligence or Cognition.So any Experience of Brahman, Reality can be only that of…

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